Personal Pronouns – Exercises

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Complete the sentences with the right pronoun.

  1. (I)  havas 15 jarojn.[I am 15 years old.]
  2. Ĉu (you)  ŝatas manĝi ĉokoladon?[Do you enjoy eating chocolate?]
  3. Ĉu (they, plural)  komprenas la tekston?[Do they understand the text?]
  4. Kion faras Paul? (he)  legas libron.[What is Paul doing? He is reading a book.]
  5. Eble (she)  povas veturigi la gepatrojn al la flughaveno.[Maybe she can drive the parents to the airport.]
  6. (we)  parolis pri la festo.[We talked about the party.]

Choose the correct pronoun (nominative or accusative)?

  1. Morgaŭ iros al kinejo kun .[Tomorrow, I am going to the cinema with you.]|1st gap: mi is the subject (who/what is doing the action?) → nominative|2nd gap: pronoun is used with a preposition (kun) → nominative
  2. Ĉu iu vidis ?[Did anybody see us?]|nin is the direct object (who/what receives the action?) → accusative
  3. venis per taksio.[She came by taxi.]|ŝi is the subject (who/what is doing the action?) → nominative
  4. Ĉu bonvolus prezenti al ?[Could you please introduce me to him?]|1st gap: mi is the subject (who/what is doing the action?) → nominative|2nd gap: min is the direct object (who/what receives the action?) → accusative|3rd gap: pronoun used with a preposition (kun) → nominative
  5. laboras en konata firmo.[We work for a famous company.]|ni is the subject (who/what is doing the action?) → nominative
  6. La instruistino klarigas la taskon al .[The teacher explains the task to them.]|Pronoun is used with a preposition (al) → nominative
  7. Mi montras la domon al Marĉelo, ĉar li ankoraŭ ne vidis .[I am showing the house to Marĉelo because he hasn’t seen it yet.]|ĝin is the direct object (who/what receives the action?) → accusative

Rewrite the sentences replacing the underlined words with the correct preposition.

Don’t change the word order!

  1. La spektantoj rigardas la prezentadon.[The spectators watch the presentation. → They watch it.]
  2. La viro diras ion al Linda.[The man is saying something to Linda. → He is saying something to her.]
  3. Ĉu William skribas leteron?[Is William writing a letter? → Is he writing it?]
  4. La infano ludas en ĝardeno.[The child is playing in the garden. → He/She is playing in the garden.]|If we don’t know whether it’s a boy or a girl, we use “it” in Esperanto.