Whilst grammar is often the horror of language students around the world, it’s quick and easy to learn in Esperanto. There are only a few rules and no exceptions. Of course, that doesn’t mean that you can do whatever you want!
Verbs express an action, process or state. In this section, we explain the tenses, modal verbs, transitive/intransitive verbs, reflexive verbs, the imperative, passive voice and participles.
There is a definite article la in Esperanto, but no indefinite article. In many cases, the usage of the definite article in Esperanto is simliar to the usage in English, however, there are some differences.
Nouns end in -o in Esperanto. To form the plural we add -j. The accusative -n ending differentiates between the subject and object of a sentence and enables a flexible word order.
Pronouns can accompany or replace a noun. Here, we explain personal, possessive, reflexive, relative, interrogative, demonstrative and indefinite pronouns.
In Esperanto, adjectives end with -a and adverbs with -e. Here, we explain when to use an adjective and when to use an adverb in Esperanto and provide examples of adverbs of time/place/reason and relative adverbs.
Prepositions can be tricky to learn because we can’t translate them literally from our native language. That’s why we have provided a list of the most important preopositions with example sentences.
In this section we explain the most importants points regarding sentences structure. Here, you’ll find information about, word order negation, questions, conjunctions, participle clauses, conditional clauses, relative clauses and reported speech.
The table of words contains correlative words and letters that form specific pronouns and adverbs. The overview provides an example sentence and translation for evey word.