Participles - Exercises

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Write the participles for the following verbs.

Infinitive skribikantiludi
Active Participle

simulataneity lernanto[a writing student] ĥoro[a singing choir] infanoj[playing children]
anteriority lernanto[a student who wrote/has written] ĥoro[a choir that sang/has sung] infanoj[children who played/have played]
posteriority lernanto[a student who will write] ĥoro[a choir that will sing] infanoj[children who will play]
simulataneity eseo[an essay being written] kanto[a song being sung] matĉo[ amatch being played]
anteriority eseo[an essay that has been written/was written] kanto[a song that has been/was sung] matĉo[a match that has been/was played]
posteriority eseo[an essay that will be written] kanto[a song that will be sung] matĉo[a match that will be played]

Choose the right participle.

  1. Ni veturis tra regiono.[We drove through unfamiliar territory.]|We didn’t know the region. (present, passive participle) → -at-
  2. Ili havas bibliotekon.[They have a well organised library.]|The library was previously organised. (past, passive participle) → -it-
  3. la grupon, la ĉiĉerono iris antaŭe kaj montris la vidindaĝojn al la turistoj.[Guiding the group, the travel guide went ahead and showed the tourists the sights.]|He is guiding the group at the moment. (present, active participle)→ -ant-
  4. Mi mendis salaton.[I ordered a mixed salad.]|The salad will already have been mixed when it is served. (past, passive participle) → -it-
  5. faman gaston la venontan tagon, la hotelestro mem preparis la ĉambron.[Receiving a famous guest the next day, the hotel manager personally prepared the room.]|The guest won’t arrive until tomorrow. (future, active participle) → -ont-
  6. Ni helpis la .[We helped the injured (person).]|He was injured earlier. (past, passive participle)→ -it-
  7. Sur la koverto la leterportisto povas legi la kaj la .[On the envelope the postman can read the adressee/receiver and the sender.]|1st gap: receiver/adressee does nothing actively to receive the letter (present, passive participle) → -at- (fixed expression)|2nd gap: Sender has sent the letter actively (past, active participle) → -int-
  8. Multaj de niaj gastoj jam foriris antaŭ la deka, sed la gastoj festis ĝis la mateno.[Many of our guests left before 10 o’clock, but the remaining/left (over) guests partied until the morning.]|2 options: remaining → -ant-/left (over) → -int-
  9. Tiu ejo taŭgas por .[The place is suitable for disabled people.]|They are already in this condition due to an illness or accident.(past, passive participle) → -it-
  10. li rigardis la filmon.[Bored, he watched the film.]|A previous event has caused him to be bored (past, passive participle) → -it- (fixed expression)
  11. El la tri artistoj sur la scenejo vi nun povas elekti la .[Of the three performers on the stage, you can now elect one who will be distinguised.]|He/she is about to be awarded a prize. (future, passive) → -ot-