Transitive/intransitive - Exercises

show special characters
display incorrect answers

Exercises

Decide whether the verb is transitive or intransitive.

  1. Mi skribas leteron.[I write a letter.]|direct object leteron → transitive verb|What did I write? - the letter
  2. Infanoj iras en la lernejon.[Children go to school.]|no direct object → intransitive verb|en la lernejon is a place (a direct object is not preceded by a preposition)
  3. Mi kuiris supon.[I cooked soup.]|direct object supon → transitive verb|What did I cook? - the soup
  4. Ni dancis dum la tuta nokto.[We danced for the entire night.]|no direct object, but time → intransitive verb|(a direct object is not preceded by a preposition)
  5. Vi montris la vojon al fremdulo.[You showed the way to a stranger.]|direct object vojon → transitive verb|What did you show to the stranger? - the way

Choose the correct form.

  1. La instruisto la instruadon.[The teacher starts the lesson.]|komenci = transitive verb (direct object: la instruadon)
    La tago per nebulo.[The day begins with fog.]|With the suffix -iĝ- we can use a transitive verb without an object. (literally: The days begins itself …)
  2. Mi la vazon sur la tablon.[I put the vase on the table.]|With the suffix -ig- we can use an intransitive verb with an object. (direct object: la vazon)
    La vazo sur la tablo.[The vase was on the table.]|stari = intransitive verb
  3. Ni en la festo.[We enjoyed ourselves at the party.]|With the suffix -iĝ- we can use a transitive verb without an object.
    Liaj vortoj min.[His words amused me.]|amuzi = transitive verb (direct object: min)
  4. Ŝi sur la sofo.[She was sitting on the couch.]|sidi = intransitive verb
    Ŝi sian filon sur la ĉevalon.[She sat her son on the horse.]|With the suffix -ig- we can use an intransitive verb with an object. (direct object: sian filon)
  5. Ni niajn feriojn ĉe Internacia Junulara Kongreso.[We spent our holidays at the International Youth Congress.]|(direct object: niajn feriojn)|Different meanings! pasi = pass; pasigi = spend time
    La tempo tie rapidege.[The time passed very quickly.]|pasi = intransitive verb |Different meanings! pasi = pass; pasigi = spend time
  6. Mi pri lia hobio.[I’m interested in his hobby.]|With the suffix -iĝ- we can use a transitive verb without an object.
    Lia hobio min.[His hobby interests me.]|interesi = transitive verb (direct object me: min)
  7. La patro la bildon sur la muron.[The father hangs the picture on the wall.]|With the suffix -ig- we can use an intransitive verb with an object. (direct object: la bildon)
    La bildo nun sur la muro.[The picture is now hanging on the wall.]|pendi = intransitive verb
  8. Ili dum la tuta tago.[She was bored all day.]|enui = intransitive verb
    Lia babilado ilin.[His gabbing bored them.]|With the suffix -ig- we can use an intransitive verb with an object. (direct object: ilin)
  9. La knabo pro sia malbona noto.[The boy was angry about his bad mark.]|With the suffix -iĝ- we can use a transitive verb without an object. (literally: The boy angered himself …)
    La knabo sian fratinon.[The boy annoyed his sister.]|ĉagreni = transitive verb (direct object: sian fratinon)
  10. La avino la fenestron.[The grandma closed the window.]|fermi = transitive verb (direct object: la fenestron)
    La fenestro pro la vento.[The window closes because of the wind.]|With the suffix -iĝ- we can use a transitive verb without an object.(literally: The window closes itself …