Participle Clauses – Exercises

show special characters
display incorrect answers

Active participle

Complete the sentecnes with the right form of the participle.

  1. (pasigi)   la tutan tagon ĉe la plaĝo, vespere mi havis sunbrulon.beforehand → -int-|cause/reason for the action in the main clause → -eHaving spent the whole day at the beach, I was sunburnt in the evening.
  2. (fajfi)   kanton, ŝi dancis tra la domo kun la ŝvabrilo.at the same time → -ant-|time (while she whistles) → -eWhistling a tune, she danced with the mop around the house.
  3. (festi)   sian naskiĝtagon vespere, ŝi finis laboron pli frue tiun tagon.afterwards → -ont-|cause/reason for the action in the main clause → -eCelebrating her birthday in the evening, she finished work earlier that day.
  4. (pentri)   la bildon, la fiera infano ĝin montris al sia patrino.beforehand → -int-|time (after he/she had painted it) -eHaving painted the picture, the proud child showed it to his/her mother.
  5. (veturi)   feriumi la venontan matenon, ni enlitiĝis frue.afterwards → -ont-|cause/reason for the action in the main clause → -eGoing on holiday the next morning, we went to bed early.

Passive participle

Complete the sentences with particple form.

  1. (blindigi)   de la suno, la veturisto ne vidis la haltŝildon.at the same time → -at-|cause/reason for the actio in the main clause → -eBlinded by the sun, the driver couldn’t see the stop sign.
  2. (prepari)   de la ĉefkuiristo mem, la manĝaĵo estis tre bona.beforehand → -it-|cause/reason for the action in the main clause → -ePersonally prepared by the chef, the food was very good.
  3. (kanti)   de li, ĉiu kanto sonas mirinde.at the same time → -at-|cause/reason for the action in the main clause → -eSung by him, every song sounds wonderful.
  4. (ekzameni)   la venontan monaton, ŝi nun studas tage kaj nokte.afterwards → -ot-|cause/reason for the action in the main clause → -eExamined next month, she is studying day and night.
  5. (naski)   en Pollando, ŝi kreskis en Slovakio.beforehand → -it-|1st option: two facts that refer to the person → a|2nd option: the contrast is to be stressed (Although she was born there, …)-eBorn in Poland, she grew up in Slovakia.

Mixed Participles

Complete the sentences with the right participle form. Decide whether you need the active or passive participle.

  1. (trinki)   litron da akvo, ŝi urĝe serĉis necesejon.She drank and litre of water then she searched → active participle|beforehand → -int-|Reason for action in main clause/anteriority (after) -eHaving drunk a litre of water, she urgently searched for a toilet.
  2. (iri)   al edziĝfesto, ŝi surmetis sian plej belan robon.She went after putting on her dress → active participle|afterwards → -ont-|Reason for the action in main clause → -eGoing to a wedding (later), she put on her most beautiful dress.
  3. (parki)   en la strato, la aŭto estis hajlodifektita.the car was parked and then damaged → passive participle|beforehand → -it-|Reason for the action in the main clause → -eParked on the street, the car was damaged by hail.
  4. (rikolti)   pomojn de la arbo, li falis de la ŝtupetaro.he was picking apples and fell → active participle|at the same time → -ant-|time (during) -eHarvesting apples from the tree, he fell off the ladder.
  5. (veturigi)   al lernejo de sia patro, Emilia faris siajn hejmtaskojn en la aŭto.she was being driven and was doing her homework at the same time → passive participle|at the same time → -ant-|time (during)-eBeing driven to school by her father, Emilia did her homework in the car.

Change the underlined part of the sentence into a participle clause.

  1. Dum ni sunumas ĉe la plaĝo, ni ĝuas la vivon.
     , ni ĝuas la vivon.simultaneous, active event → -ant-|time (during) -eSunning ourselves on the beach, we are enjoying life.
  2. Kiam la knabo estis puriginta siajn dentojn, li povis rigardi televidon.
     , la knabo povis rigardi televidon.active event in participle clause took place before the event in main clause → -int-|time (after) -eHaving cleaned his teeth, the boy was allowed to watch TV.
  3. Kiam la knabino estis portata de sia patro, ŝi estis feliĉa.
     , la knabino estis feliĉa.simultaneous action, passive in participle clause → -at-|time (while) -eBeing carried by her father, the little girl was happy.
  4. Kiam ili trovis la sekretan insulon, ili komencis serĉi la trezoron.
     , ili komencis serĉi la trezoron.active event in particple clause took place before the event in main clause → -int-|time (after) -eHaving found the secret island, they began to look for the treasure.
  5. Ĉar ŝi estas instruata hejme de siaj gepatroj, ŝi ne iras al lernejo.
     , ŝi ne iras al lernejo.simultaneous action, passive in participle clause → -at-|reason for the action in main clause → -eTaught at home by her parents, she doesn’t go to school.