Reflexive Pronouns


We use reflexive pronouns as the object in a sentence when the subject and object are the same person/thing. Reflexive pronouns in Esperanto are similar to myself, yourself, herself etc. but there are some differences in usage compared to English (see: Reflexive Verbs, Transitive/Intransitive Verbs).


Except for the 3rd person (when we use si), reflexive pronouns are the same as personal pronouns.

Personal PronounsReflexive
Personal Pronouns
Possessive Determiners
1st person sg. mi mi(n) mia(n)
2nd person sg. vi vi(n) via(n)
3rd person sg. li/ŝi/ĝi si(n) sia(n)
1st person pl. ni ni(n) nia(n)
2nd person pl. vi vi(n) via(n)
3rd rerson pl. ili si(n) sia(n)

Without a preposition, the reflexive pronoun is used in accusative.

Ŝi rigardas sin en spegulo.She looks at herself in the mirror.

With a preposition, the reflexive pronoun is used in nominative.

Sinjorino Ŝika volas eliri kun sia nova koramiko.Ms Chic wants to go out with her new boyfriend.